All PIARC Publications

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  • Vulnerable road users: Diagnosis of design and operational safety problems and potential countermeasures

    Following the World Health Organisation, nearly half of those dying on the world's roads are vulnerable road users (VRU). This proportion is much greater in low- and middle-income countries, because of the greater variety and intensity of traffic mix and the lack of separation from other road users, [...]

    • Date : 2017
    • Pages : 26
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R34EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-442-6
  • The Role of Road Engineering in Combatting Driver Distraction and Fatigue Road Safety Risks

    Driver distraction and fatigue are a problem because, as remarkable as our abilities are, we humans are fallible and our abilities have limitations. Driver distraction and fatigue incorporates elements of both limitations and fallibility. On top of our limitations and fallibilities, driving a vehicle [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 73
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R24EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-419-8
  • Human factors guidelines for a safer man-road interface

    In the case of road safety, the Human Factors concept considers road characteristics that influence a driver's right or wrong driving actions. It understands the causes of road users' operational mistakes as the first step in a chain of actions which may proceed to an accident. Many often observed operational [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 78
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R20EN
    • ISBN : 2-84060-408-2
  • Cooperative Vehicle Highway Systems

    We can consider that the most recent developments of the vehicles are: the massive deployment of sensors, actuators and computers allowing to develop a kind of "vehicle and transport system intelligence"; their ability to communicate among themselves or with the infrastructure through the concept [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 51
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R08EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-386-3
  • Methodologies and tools for risk assessment and management applied to road operations

    This report deals with methodologies and tools for risk assessment and management applied to road operations including managing risks in relation to the climate change. Chapter 1 of this report starts with a classification of methodologies for risk management of road infrastructure. Particular attention [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 54
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R12EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-394-8
  • Road network management for improved mobility

    It is useful to review the term "Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)" in this report. According to the PIARC ITS Handbook, ITS is a generic term to mean integrated communications, control technologies and information processing systems for transport applications. However, in this report, we consider [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 53
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R11EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-393-1
  • Uses of ITS including consideration of planning for future improvements, upgrades and the economy

    Economic growth typically results in an increase of both freight and passenger traffic. This generally compounds the problems in transportation systems. ITS technologies have been widely used to mitigate many of these transportation challenges and will continue to play an increasingly important role [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 43
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R10EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-391-7
  • Promoting sustainable maintenance of rural roads networks

    Rural roads are roads or improved trails whose main role is to ensure local exchanges, providing access to rural areas and access to the national or regional primary road network or to the interconnected network. Rural roads are key to development and economic growth of countries and provide considerable [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R15EN
  • Assessment of budgetary needs and optimisation of maintenance strategies for multiple assets of road network

    Good road infrastructure is a fundamental basis on which to build a strong economy and society. As the ability to conduct proper maintenance is largely influenced by the available budget, budget definition is an important starting point in realising the overall goal. Based on a comprehensive investigation [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 44
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R04EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-378-8
  • Fixed fire fighting systems in road tunnels: Current practices and recommendations

    Fixed Fire Fighting Systems (FFFS) have been routinely used in road tunnels in countries such as Japan and Australia for decades, and there is increased interest in the use of FFFS in parts of Europe, North America and Asia. Large fire events in road tunnels continue to show the consequences of such [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 80
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R03EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-375-7
  • Improving safety in road tunnels through real-time communication with users

    This report is a continuation of the one published by PIARC in 2008 on "Human Factors and road tunnel safety regarding users". It addresses two specific points raised in the conclusion of the 2008 report: "It is most important that motorists understand how to behave in tunnels, in critical situation" [...]

    • Date : 2016
    • Pages : 60
    • PIARC Ref. : 2016R06EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-384-9
  • Security of road infrastructure

    This paper is addressing threats directed to the infrastructure. A correct understanding and a suitable handling of the security of road infrastructure is not only important to safeguard the infrastructure itself, but is also relevant to cover the protection of the social and economic values, the protection [...]

    • Date : 2015
    • Pages : 19
    • PIARC Ref. : 2015R01EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-357-3
  • Human factors in road design. Review of design standards in nine countries

    This report reviews how human factors are explicitly or implicitly considered in the current road design standards of the following countries : Australia, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands and Portugal. The report focuses on design features as they relate to the [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 212
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R36EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-306-1
  • Road accident investigation guidelines for road engineers

    In order to improve road safety, availability of accident data and an understanding of the circumstances that lead to crashes are of vital importance. The purpose of Road Accident Investigation (RAI) is to help road engineers detect road infrastructure deficiencies that influence an accident, in order [...]

    • Date : 2013
    • Pages : 51
    • PIARC Ref. : 2013R07EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-321-4
  • Best practices for the sustainable maintenance of rural roads in developing countries

    Regular maintenance of roads is critical to the economic vitality of a country. In particular, a focus on rural road maintenance is needed when planning and operating a large transport network, as they are often deemed less important than paved roads and highways. When rural roads are neglected, it [...]

    • Date : 2013
    • Pages : 45
    • PIARC Ref. : 2013R01EN
    • ISBN : 978-284060-309-2
  • Comparison of national road safety policies and plans

    This Report examines the road safety performance of several nations, reviews reported policies and strategies in jurisdictions and attempts to establish linkages between adopted and implemented road safety policies, overarching multi - year strategies and performance outcomes. The findings are built [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 304
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R31EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-264-4
  • Road safety inspection guidelines for safety checks of existing roads

    A Road Safety Inspection (RSI) is a systematic, on site review, conducted by road safety expert(s), of an existing road or section of road to identify hazardous conditions, faults and deficiencies that may lead to serious accidents. After defining what is a road safety inspection, the report details [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 83
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R27EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-259-8
  • Strategies for road networks operation

    This report studies, in its first part, the strategies of management of congested areas and road corridors. Examples are presented of measures to reduce non-recurring congestion (traffic incidents, planned special events, work zones, real time traveler information); recurring congestion (including: [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 90
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R26EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-295-4
  • Best practices for road safety campaigns

    The report presents key findings of a literature review of best practices for road safety campaigns, and relate these to actual road safety campaign practices by road administrations and authorities of fourteen countries who responded to a survey questionnaire. The report covers the following key [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 50
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R28EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-260-1
  • Improvements in safe working on roads

    The focus of this guide is on safety of both workers and road users in construction zones. For the safe, efficient and effective management of work zones, it is proposed that a 4 C's principle be adopted. Work zones should be designed, operated and maintained such that the works are conspicuous, clear, [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 99
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R29EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-263-6
  • State of the practice for cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-benefit analysis and resource allocation

    This report examines the economic analysis techniques applicable to investments to improve road safety, in order to optimize the allocation of available resources. It presents the basics of project evaluation before detailing the methods of cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis. The report [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 102
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R24EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-291-1
  • Best practice for road tunnel emergency exercises

    Emergency exercises are an integral part of the planning process of road tunnel safety. Drawing on international experience in this area, this report is in the form of a detailed guide for defining objectives, prepare, implement and evaluate an exercise in the most efficient and productive as possible. [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 50
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R25EN
    • ISBN : 978-2-84060-292-X
  • Dealing with the effects of climate change on road pavements

    Climate change can have a direct impact on the performance of our transportation infrastructure. The purpose of the report is to sensitize the road sector to the likely impacts of climate change on road pavements and to provide guidance on how to go about: -Assessing the vulnerability of road pavements [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 146
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R06EN
    • ISBN : 2-84060-247-4
  • Financing, Contracting and Managing of Road System Investment

    The purpose of this report is to provide information on the current methods and approaches relating to: The different combinations of public and private sector involvement in the provision of sustainable road systems and the perceived advantages and disadvantages of these methods; The different [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 101
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R08EN
    • ISBN : 2-84060-255-5
  • The connected vehicle

    The advent of Intelligent Transport Systems has provided new opportunities for improving the safety and efficiency of the road network. The development of intelligent vehicles, connected by wireless networks to the roadside infrastructure, brings opportunities and issues which are being discussed in [...]

    • Date : 2012
    • Pages : 59
    • PIARC Ref. : 2012R02EN
    • ISBN : 2-84060-246-6

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